Nanjing

Nanjing (南京) is the capital of Jiangsu Province in eastern China. The city is located by Yangzi River (长江), the longest river in Asia (and third in the world). With a population of more than 8 million, Nanjing is the 29th largest city in China and houses the 61st largest economy in the world.

Panoramic View of Nanjing in 2005

Panoramic View of Nanjing in 2005 (source: Wikipedia)

History

Nanjing is recognized as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. It was the capital of six dynasties, from Wu Kingdom (吴国) during the Three Kingdoms Period in 229 BC to Ming dynasty (明朝) in 1368. Nanjing was also the capital of the Republic of China (中华民国) prior to its flight to Taiwan during the Chinese Civil War. Nanjing has the longest surviving city wall in China, which was constructed in Ming dynasty and took 200,000 laborers 21 years to finish.

"YiJiangMen", one of the many gateways along the Nanjing City Wall.

“YiJiangMen”, one of the many gateways along the Nanjing City Wall. (source: Willettsworld)

Culture and Life

With its rich history, Nanjing has always been a cultural center of China. Some of the traditional art forms that the city is famous for include Kun Opera (昆曲), China’s oldest stage art developed during Ming dynasty, and Cloud Brocade (云锦), one of the finest of Chinese silk fabrics. Some of the leading modern performing arts groups of China are based in Nanjing. The city is also well known for its duck-based cuisine, including the famous Nanjing Salted Duck.

Cloud Brocade (source: Cultural China)

Cloud Brocade (source: Cultural China)

Kunqu (source: Wikipedia)

Kunqu (source: Wikipedia)

Sports

Nanjing is home to many professional sports teams that play in the top China leagues, including soccer, basketball, and volleyball. The city hosted the 10th National Game of People’s Republic of China in 2005, and will host the 2nd summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014.

Nanjing Olympic Center (source: ForeignerCN.com)

Nanjing Olympic Center (source: ForeignerCN.com)

Tourism

Nanjing is one of the most beautiful cities of China with lush green parks, natural scenic lakes, small mountains, historical buildings & monuments, relics and much more.

Confucious Temple and Qinghuai River (source: Yangzeriver.org)

Confucious Temple and Qinghuai River (source: Yangzeriver.org)

Xuanwu Lake, a vast municipal park at the center of Nanjing (source: BBC)

Xuanwu Lake, a vast municipal park at the center of Nanjing (source: BBC)

Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (source: china.org.cn)

Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (source: china.org.cn)